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一个通过Java连接MYSQL数据库的代码

Java的数据库连接终于做好了,虽然功能是简单了点,不过我会推出复杂一点的程序,可能以后推出的只用鼠标就可以完成绝大部分的数据库操作,好了,这次的数据库还是用的和那个非常小的数据库管理系统(JSP)一样的Mysql web_data 的数据库。

图示如下:



代码如下:
------------------------------------------------------------

import java.sql.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.util.*;

public class inensshow extends JFrame {


private Connection connection;
private Statement statement;
private ResultSet resultSet;
private ResultSetMetaData rsMetaData;

//GUI变量定义
private JTable table;
private JTextArea inputQuery;
private JButton submitQuery;

public inensshow()
{
//Form的标题
super( "输入SQL语句,按查询按钮查看结果。" );

String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/web";
String username = "inens";
String password = "inens";
//加载驱动程序以连接数据库
try {
Class.forName( "org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver" );
connection = DriverManager.getConnection(
url, username, password );
}
//捕获加载驱动程序异常
catch ( ClassNotFoundException cnfex ) {
System.err.println(
"装载 JDBC/ODBC 驱动程序失败。" );
cnfex.printStackTrace();
System.exit( 1 ); // terminate program
}
//捕获连接数据库异常
catch ( SQLException sqlex ) {
System.err.println( "无法连接数据库" );
sqlex.printStackTrace();
System.exit( 1 ); // terminate program
}
//如果数据库连接成功,则建立GUI
//SQL语句
String test="SELECT * FROM data";
inputQuery = new JTextArea( test, 4, 30 );
submitQuery = new JButton( "查询" );
//Button事件
submitQuery.addActionListener(
new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed( ActionEvent e )
{
getTable();
}
}
);

JPanel topPanel = new JPanel();
topPanel.setLayout( new BorderLayout() );
//将"输入查询"编辑框布置到 "CENTER"
topPanel.add( new JScrollPane( inputQuery), BorderLayout.CENTER );
//将"提交查询"按钮布置到 "SOUTH"
topPanel.add( submitQuery, BorderLayout.SOUTH );
table = new JTable();
Container c = getContentPane();
c.setLayout( new BorderLayout() );
//将"topPanel"编辑框布置到 "NORTH"
c.add( topPanel, BorderLayout.NORTH );
//将"table"编辑框布置到 "CENTER"
c.add( table, BorderLayout.CENTER );
getTable();
setSize( 500, 300 );
//显示Form
show();
}

private void getTable()
{
try {
//执行SQL语句
String query = inputQuery.getText();
statement = connection.createStatement();
resultSet = statement.executeQuery( query );
//在表格中显示查询结果
displayResultSet( resultSet );
}
catch ( SQLException sqlex ) {
sqlex.printStackTrace();
}
}

private void displayResultSet( ResultSet rs )
throws SQLException
{
//定位到达第一条记录
boolean moreRecords = rs.next();
//如果没有记录,则提示一条消息
if ( ! moreRecords ) {
JOptionPane.showMessageDialog( this,
"结果集中无记录" );
setTitle( "无记录显示" );
return;
}
Vector columnHeads = new Vector();
Vector rows = new Vector();
try {
//获取字段的名称
ResultSetMetaData rsmd = rs.getMetaData();
for ( int i = 1; i <= rsmd.getColumnCount(); ++i )
columnHeads.addElement( rsmd.getColumnName( i ) );
//获取记录集
do {
rows.addElement( getNextRow( rs, rsmd ) );
} while ( rs.next() );
//在表格中显示查询结果
table = new JTable( rows, columnHeads );
JScrollPane scroller = new JScrollPane( table );
Container c = getContentPane();
c.remove(1);
c.add( scroller, BorderLayout.CENTER );
//刷新Table
c.validate();
}
catch ( SQLException sqlex ) {
sqlex.printStackTrace();
}
}


private Vector getNextRow( ResultSet rs,
ResultSetMetaData rsmd )
throws SQLException
{
Vector currentRow = new Vector();
for ( int i = 1; i <= rsmd.getColumnCount(); ++i )
currentRow.addElement( rs.getString( i ) );
//返回一条记录
return currentRow;
}

public void shutDown()
{
try {
//断开数据库连接
connection.close();
}
catch ( SQLException sqlex ) {
System.err.println( "Unable to disconnect" );
sqlex.printStackTrace();
}
}

public static void main( String args[] )
{
final inensshow app =
new inensshow();
app.addWindowListener(
new WindowAdapter() {
public void windowClosing( WindowEvent e )
{
app.shutDown();
System.exit( 0 );
}
}
);
}
}


------------------------------------------------------------

这次在WIN98中就不好使了。因为Mysql的驱动程序没有也没能加入到CLASSPATH 当中,但是JSP却可以使用(JSP的98驱动加载详见Jsp与Mysql连接查错文章),所以这次我是在XPServer中测试的。
补充:软件开发 , Java ,
Oracle
MySQL
Access
SQLServer
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Excel
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SYBASE
Postgres
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